Phonics & Reading Schemes

At Castle Park School we follow the Jolly Phonics and Letters and Sounds programmes to teach children how to read. This programme is aimed at children in Early Years and Key Stage One, but can also be used in Key Stage Two to consolidate and develop reading skills.

Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven.

There are six overlapping phases. The table below is a summary of the six phases.

PhasePhonic Knowledge and Skills
Phase One (Nursery/Reception)Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.
Phase Two (Reception) Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
Phase Three (Reception) The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
Phase Four (Reception) No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
Phase Five (Throughout Year 1)Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
Phase Six (Throughout Year 2 and beyond)Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.

Click on the PDFs below to see our Phonics Guide and Phase Word Games

Phonics and Reading Schemes in Key Stage 2

Key Stage 2 most children have moved on from sequenced reading schemes and, with the guidance of their teachers, they will start to make their own book choices. Children are encouraged to read at home, both with an adult and on their own and are also supported in developing their reading at school by staff. Reading progress at home should be recorded in the reading record which will be sent home with each child. Teachers will introduce children to a range of literary styles and genres and will encourage them to read a selection of classic and modern children’s books. A class book is chosen for each class and is read to children by the teacher to introduce them to books that they might not read on their own and to model good reading styles.

Some children who are encountering difficulties with their spelling or reading, will continue to use Letters and Sounds while the remainder of pupils will focus on learning spelling patterns. This teaching may be supported by weekly tests.